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Frank B. Kellogg
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U.S. Secretary of State
    (December 22, 1856-December 21, 1937)
    Born in Potsdam, New York
    President of the American Bar Association (1912-13)
    US Senator from Minnesota (1917-23)
    US Ambassador to Great Britain (1923-25)
    Secretary of State under Calvin Coolidge (1925-29)
    Served on the Permanent Court of International Justice (1930-35)
    With French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand, negotiated the Kellogg-Briand Pact renouncing war as an 'instrument of national policy' (1928)
    Won the Nobel Peace Prize for the Kellogg-Briand Pact (1929)
    In private practice, he was counsel and a friend to many leading business figures, such as John D. Rockefeller. Then he joined the government and began prosecuting them.
    As a measure of how effective the Kellogg-Briand Pact was, its signatories included the future WWII Axis Powers of Germany, Italy and Japan.
    He did not live long enough to see WWII completely make a mockery of the Pact, but he did see it violated by Japan's seizure of Manchuria from China (1931) and Italy's invasion of Ethiopia (1935).
    While working as a handyman, he taught himself law, history, Latin and German using borrowed textbooks.
    He was one of Teddy Roosevelt's most effective trustbusters, breaking up the Standard Oil monopoly.
    He adopted a less high-handed position in dealing with Latin America, a stance dubbed a 'retreat from imperialism.'

Credit: C. Fishel

    In 2018, Out of 1 Votes: 100% Annoying
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