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Marcus Garvey
Please vote to return to collections (Voting Results will appear on Right Sidebar).
    (August 17, 1887-June 10, 1940)
    Champion of the 'Back to Africa' movement
    Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (1914)
    Ran the 'Negro World' newspaper in Harlem (1918-33)
    Owner of Black Star Line Company
    After joining a Typographical Union strike, he was blacklisted from private printery employment.
    The FBI falsely charged him with mail fraud, and he spent two years in prison (1925-27).
    An effort to have him exonerated of the false charges decades after his death has been unsuccessful.
    Although named the Provisional President of Africa by African leaders, his position was ignored by European colonial African governments.
    He said: 'I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa, there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.'
    Many blacks who went 'Back to Africa' as part of his movement did not find better living or working conditions.
    His goal was for ancestral Africans, not colonial powers, to govern sovereign African nations.
    He sought to establish universities and secondary schools for blacks worldwide.
    He worked for industrial intercourse worldwide after viewing working conditions for Central & South American black laborers.
    He established the People's Political Party, Jamaica's first modern party (1929).
    His 'Negro World' newspaper was one of highest read papers of its time, and coincided with the Harlem Renaissance.
    The official colors of his movement (black, red and green) are honored on many African flags.
    Many schools and institutions are named in honor of him throughout the world.

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