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King Philip III of Spain
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    He continued the Hapsburg tradition of inbreeding, marrying his second cousin.
    The administration in Spain was handled by royal favorites, while military commanders in Spanish territories in the Netherlands and Italy mostly governed on their own, sometimes in direct opposition to the wishes of the crown.
    He spent most of his time hunting, going to the theater and hosting lavish banquets.
    He did nothing to improve Spain's growing economic problems.
    He expelled 300,000 Moriscos (Moors who had converted to Christianity) from the country.
    Near the end of his reign, he got Spain involved in the brutal Thirty Years' War.
    He full title was the excessive 'Philip the Third, by the grace of God, king of Castile, Leon, Aragon and the Two Sicilies, Jerusalem, Portugal, Navarre, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galicia, the Majorcas, Seville, Cordoba, Corsica, Murcia, Guinea, Algarve, Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, also of the Eastern and Western Indies, and the islands and terra firma of the Ocean Sea, archduke of Austria, duke of Burgundy and Milan, count of Habsburg, Barcelona, and Biscay, and lord of Molina.'
    His older brother Don Carlos was imprisoned after going insane, so Philip was the better heir to the throne if only by default.
    He was known for his piety.
    Early in his reign, he ended Spain's wars with England and the Dutch. (Albeit, mainly because it was increasingly difficult to secure financing for the military campaigns.)
    He avoided losing any of the territory he inherited from his father, keeping Spain the largest empire in the world.
    The story that he died from overheating as a result of sitting too long next to a hot brazier because no one could find the official to move it (and it never occurred to Philip to move himself), was a myth; the French ambassador invented it as a joke about the court's elaborate etiquette.

Credit: C. Fishel

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