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Hamza Hakimzade Niyazi
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    (March 6, 1889-March 18, 1929)
    Born in Kokand, Uzbekistan
    Also known as Hamza Hakimzoda Niyoziy
    Considered the first Uzbek playwright and founder of Uzbek social realism and modern Uzbek musical forms
    Helped standardize the Uzbek language to replace Chagatai, the local literary language that went extinct in the early 20th Century
    Wrote the poetry collection 'Devoni Nihoniy' (1903-04)
    Wrote the children's primers 'Yengil adabiyot' (1914), 'O'qish kitobi' (1914), and 'Qiroat kitibi' (1915)
    Wrote the novels and plays 'Yangi saodat' (1915), 'Zaharli hayot yoxud Ishq qurbonlari' (1916), 'Boy ila xizmatchi' (1918), 'Tuhmatchilar jazosi' (1918), 'Paranji sirlaridan bir lavha Yoki yallachilar ishi' (1922), and 'Burungi qozilar yoxud Maysaraning ishi' (1926)
    National Writer of the Uzbek SSR (February 27, 1926)
    Stoned to death by Islamic fundamentalists in Shohimardon, Uzbekistan
    He supported the Bolshevik Revolution.
    Nationalist and Jadidist (Russian Muslim modernists) writers considered him anti-Uzbek and anti-Islamic because of his support for the Soviet Union.
    The language reforms he participated in badly distorted the literary history of Uzbekistan because the standard written language of Uzbek wasn't pre-revolutionary 'Uzbek', but 'Sart'.
    His works were used by the Soviets to spread their ideology.
    The Soviets allegedly fabricated some parts of him.
    After Uzbekistan gained independence, his legacy was neglected and his name removed from places named after him.
    His works addressed various social issues, such as women's rights, social inequality, and widespread superstition.
    Besides his native Uzbek, he was also fluent in Arabic, Persian, Russian, and Turkish.
    He organized a free school for poor children and taught them.
    He was also a skilled musician who mastered several traditional Uzbek instruments like the dotar and tanbur.
    In addition to his novels, plays, and poetry, he also collected folk songs in anthologies.
    The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan honored his memory by establishing the State Hamza Prize for anyone showing outstanding achievement in literature, arts, and architecture. (1967)

Credit: Big Lenny

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