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John Burgoyne
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Military Personnel
    (February 24, 1722-August 4, 1792)
    Born in Sutton, England, United Kingdom
    British general
    Fought during the Seven Years' War and American Revolution
    Defeated in the Battle of Saratoga (October 17, 1777)
    Commander in Chief in Ireland (1782-84)
    Member of Parliament for Preston
    He was nicknamed 'Gentleman Johnny' for his dapper dress and general high living, which caused him to run up large debts.
    He left England for seven years after eloping with the daughter of a prominent politician.
    After his wife's death, he fathered four children with his mistress.
    His Saratoga campaign was undone partly by his overconfidence.
    He played an important role in introducing light cavalry into the British army.
    Unlike most commanders of his day, he encouraged his soldiers to use their own initiative.
    His Saratoga campaign was undermined by unclear orders issued from London that caused Generals William Howe and Henry Clinton to fail to make the supporting attacks he had called for.
    He wrote several successful plays and, if not for the Battle of Saratoga, would probably have been remembered as a dramatist.

Credit: C. Fishel

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