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Roanoke Colony
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    (1585-circa 1590)
    Nicknamed 'The Lost Colony'
    Located on Roanoke Island, part of present day North Carolina
    English settlement created by Queen Elizabeth I, charter granted to Sir Walter Raleigh (1584)
    The governor returned after a three year absence to discover all 118 colonists had vanished
    The only clues to their disappearance were a post and tree carved with the words 'CROATOAN' and 'CRO'
    It was established in part as a handy base from which to raid Spanish ships.
    Raleigh appointed his artist friend John White as its governor.
    It was actually abandoned twice--its original colonists returned to England with Sir Francis Drake (1586).
    Thanks to bad relations with local natives, it depended completely on supplies from England.
    Its exact location is uncertain. (Because of erosion it may be underwater.)
    It was the first English settlement in North America.
    It was the birthplace of Virginia Dare (granddaughter of John White), the first English baby born in the Americas.
    Evidence suggests the settlers relocated peacefully to Croatoan Island or elsewhere rather than being massacred or forcibly removed.
    It was cut off from England for three years because Elizabeth, focused on the war with Spain, did not want to spare it any supply ships.
    Raleigh didn't try to find out what had happened to the colony for 12 years.
    The Lost Colony DNA Project is attempting to discover if the colonists became assimilated with local tribes.

Credit: Georgina

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