Modern Library's 100 Best Non-Fiction Books of the 20th Century

Historical Literary

Watson and Crick represent James Watson (7) * Missing: Lewis Thomas (11) * Frederick Jackson Turner (12) * Barbara Tuchman (16) * Isaiah Berlin (17) * William Strunk (21) * Howard Abrams (25) * Peter Medawar (26) * Bert Holldobler (27) * Edward O. Wilson (27) * Ernest H. Gombrich (29) * E. P. Thompson (30) * D’Arcy Thompson (34) * Richard Rhodes (37) * Joseph Needham (40) * Robert Coles (44) * Arnold Toynbee (45) * Edmund Wilson (49) * Walter Jackson Bate (50) * Lionel Trilling (56) * Dumas Malone (59) * Marc Reisner (61) * Ron Chernow (62) * A. J. Liebling (63) * Frances A. Yates (65) * R. H. Tawney (66) * Walter Lippmann (67) * Jonathan D. Spence (68) * C. Vann Woodward (70) * William H. McNeill (71) * Richard Ellman (73) * Cecil Woodham-Smith (74) * Paul Fussell (75) * Lewis Mumford (76) * James McPherson (77) * Erwin Panofsky (80) * John Keegan (81) * George Dangerfield (82) * Lawrence Gowring (83) * Neil Sheehan (84) * Tobias Wolff (86) * G. H. Hardy (87) * Annie Dillard (89) * James George Frazer (90) * Robert A. Caro (92) * Richard Hofstadter (93) * William Appleman Williams (94) * Herbert Croly (95) * Janet Malcolm (97) * Ian Hacking (98) * Anne Lamott (99) * David Cecil (100)

This Category is Ranked. Sort by Ranking Based on Votes by clicking on Vote Ranking. Sort by the Collection's Ranking by clicking on List Ranking.

Vote RankingList Ranking  

46

1

Henry Adams

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

47

2

William James (Philosopher)

Philosopher

0% (0 of 0 votes)

48

3

Booker T. Washington

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

49

4

Virginia Woolf

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

50

5

Rachel Carson

Advocate

0% (0 of 1 votes)

51

6

T.S. Eliot

Poet

0% (0 of 0 votes)

52

7

Watson and Crick

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

53

8

Vladimir Nabokov

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

54

9

H.L. Mencken

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

55

10

John Maynard Keynes

Economist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

38

12

Frederick Jackson Turner

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

14

13

Richard Wright (Novelist)

Author

50.0% (5 of 10 votes)

56

14

E.M. Forster

Author

0% (0 of 1 votes)

57

15

Shelby Foote

Author

0% (0 of 2 votes)

45

16

Barbara Tuchman

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

39

17

Isaiah Berlin

Philosopher

0% (0 of 1 votes)

58

18

Reinhold Niebuhr

Religious Figure

0% (0 of 0 votes)

59

19

James Baldwin

Author

0% (0 of 1 votes)

60

20

Gertrude Stein

Poet

0% (0 of 0 votes)

61

21

E.B. White

Author

0% (0 of 1 votes)

62

22

Gunnar Myrdal

Economist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

63

23

Alfred North Whitehead

Mathematician

0% (0 of 0 votes)

64

23

Bertrand Russell

Philosopher

0% (0 of 1 votes)

11

24

Stephen Jay Gould

Scientist

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

44

26

Peter Medawar

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

40

27

E.O. Wilson

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

32

28

John Rawls

Philosopher

0% (0 of 0 votes)

12

31

W.E.B. Du Bois

Advocate

50.0% (5 of 10 votes)

30

32

G.E. Moore

Philosopher

0% (0 of 0 votes)

31

33

John Dewey

Philosopher

0% (0 of 0 votes)

17

35

Albert Einstein

Scientist

42.93% (270 of 629 votes)

3

36

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.

Author

100% (1 of 1 votes)

65

38

Rebecca West

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

66

39

W.B. Yeats

Poet

0% (0 of 0 votes)

67

41

Robert Graves

Poet

0% (0 of 0 votes)

68

42

George Orwell

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

69

43

Mark Twain

Author

0% (0 of 5 votes)

2

45

Arnold J. Toynbee

Author

100% (3 of 3 votes)

70

46

John Kenneth Galbraith

Economist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

71

47

Dean Acheson

U.S. Secretary of State

0% (0 of 1 votes)

72

48

David McCullough

Educator

0% (0 of 1 votes)

1

49

Edmund Wilson

Author

100% (1 of 1 votes)

10

51

Malcolm X

Advocate

58.33% (7 of 12 votes)

33

51

Alex Haley

Author

0% (0 of 1 votes)

34

52

Tom Wolfe

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

35

53

Lytton Strachey

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

36

54

Studs Terkel

Author

0% (0 of 1 votes)

37

55

William Styron

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

20

56

Lionel Trilling

Critic

0% (0 of 0 votes)

13

57

Winston Churchill

World Leader

50.0% (4 of 8 votes)

22

58

Isak Dinesen

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

23

60

William Carlos Williams

Poet

0% (0 of 0 votes)

21

62

Ron Chernow

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

18

63

A.J. Liebling

Commentator

0% (0 of 0 votes)

24

64

Karl Popper

Philosopher

0% (0 of 0 votes)

43

67

Walter Lippmann

Commentator

0% (0 of 0 votes)

25

69

Thomas Kuhn

Educator

0% (0 of 0 votes)

5

72

Elaine Pagels

Educator

100% (1 of 1 votes)

42

75

Paul Fussell

Author

0% (0 of 2 votes)

15

76

Lewis Mumford

Author

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

9

78

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Advocate

58.72% (64 of 109 votes)

4

79

Edmund Morris

Author

100% (1 of 1 votes)

41

81

John Keegan

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

6

84

Neil Sheehan

Commentator

100% (1 of 1 votes)

26

85

Beryl Markham

Aviator

0% (0 of 0 votes)

8

86

Tobias Wolff

Author

100% (1 of 1 votes)

16

87

G.H. Hardy

Mathematician

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

27

88

Richard Feynman

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

7

89

Annie Dillard

Author

100% (1 of 1 votes)

28

91

Ralph Ellison

Author

0% (0 of 0 votes)

29

96

Truman Capote

Author

0% (0 of 2 votes)

19

97

Janet Malcolm

Commentator

0% (0 of 0 votes)