Religion's 100 Most Influential People

Beliefs Religion

Compiled by Michael H. Hart in his secular look at those who influenced religious beliefs. He also included ten runner-ups who are ranked as 101.

This Category is Ranked. Sort by Ranking Based on Votes by clicking on Vote Ranking. Sort by the Collection's Ranking by clicking on List Ranking.

Vote RankingList Ranking  

12

1

Muhammad

Biblical Character

57.06% (198 of 347 votes)

69

2

Isaac Newton

Scientist

0% (0 of 12 votes)

26

3

Jesus Christ

Religious Figure

52.85% (2015 of 3813 votes)

38

4

Buddha

Religious Figure

33.33% (1 of 3 votes)

64

5

Confucius

Philosopher

0% (0 of 7 votes)

99

6

St. Paul the Apostle

Biblical Character

0% (0 of 3 votes)

78

7

Cai Lun

Inventor

0% (0 of 0 votes)

103

8

Johannes Gutenberg

Inventor

0% (0 of 0 votes)

49

9

Christopher Columbus

Explorer

5.71% (2 of 35 votes)

11

10

Albert Einstein

Scientist

57.13% (665 of 1164 votes)

96

11

Louis Pasteur

Scientist

0% (0 of 1 votes)

70

12

Galileo Galilei

Scientist

0% (0 of 1 votes)

44

13

Aristotle

Philosopher

16.67% (1 of 6 votes)

63

14

Euclid

Mathematician

0% (0 of 2 votes)

45

15

Moses

Biblical Character

16.67% (1 of 6 votes)

76

16

Charles Darwin

Scientist

0% (0 of 8 votes)

79

17

Qin Shi Huang Di

Monarch

0% (0 of 0 votes)

39

18

Augustus Caesar

Monarch

33.33% (1 of 3 votes)

71

19

Nicolaus Copernicus

Astronomer

0% (0 of 0 votes)

88

20

Antoine Lavoisier

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

32

21

Constantine

Monarch

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

94

22

James Watt

Craftsman

0% (0 of 2 votes)

109

23

Michael Faraday

Scientist

0% (0 of 1 votes)

31

24

James Clerk Maxwell

Scientist

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

108

25

Martin Luther

Religious Figure

0% (0 of 3 votes)

17

26

George Washington

U.S. President

55.11% (151 of 274 votes)

21

27

Karl Marx

Philosopher

54.26% (191 of 352 votes)

41

28

Orville and Wilbur Wright

Inventor

33.33% (1 of 3 votes)

8

29

Genghis Khan

World Leader

75.00% (3 of 4 votes)

48

30

Adam Smith

Philosopher

5.88% (1 of 17 votes)

50

31

William Shakespeare

Playwright

5.41% (2 of 37 votes)

60

32

John Dalton (Physicist)

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

67

33

Alexander the Great

Monarch

0% (0 of 0 votes)

23

34

Napoleon Bonaparte

Monarch

53.75% (86 of 160 votes)

97

35

Thomas Alva Edison

Inventor

0% (0 of 2 votes)

80

36

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

Scientist

0% (0 of 2 votes)

59

37

William T.G. Morton

Doctor

0% (0 of 0 votes)

93

38

Guglielmo Marconi

Inventor

0% (0 of 0 votes)

10

39

Adolf Hitler

World Leader

57.34% (414 of 722 votes)

35

40

Plato

Philosopher

50.0% (2 of 4 votes)

3

41

Oliver Cromwell

Military Personnel

100% (1 of 1 votes)

90

42

Alexander Graham Bell

Inventor

0% (0 of 6 votes)

106

43

Alexander Fleming

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

42

44

John Locke

Philosopher

33.33% (1 of 3 votes)

74

45

Ludwig Van Beethoven

Composer

0% (0 of 7 votes)

1

46

Werner Heisenberg

Scientist

100% (1 of 1 votes)

81

47

Louis Daguerre

Inventor

0% (0 of 2 votes)

100

48

Simon Bolivar

Military Personnel

0% (0 of 3 votes)

68

49

Rene Descartes

Philosopher

0% (0 of 2 votes)

105

50

Michelangelo

Artist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

46

51

Pope Urban II

Religious Figure

14.29% (1 of 7 votes)

37

52

Omar

Religious Figure

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

7

53

Ashoka

Monarch

85.71% (6 of 7 votes)

61

54

St. Augustine of Hippo

Philosopher

0% (0 of 1 votes)

87

55

William Harvey

Doctor

0% (0 of 1 votes)

55

56

Ernest Rutherford

Scientist

0% (0 of 1 votes)

101

57

John Calvin

Philosopher

0% (0 of 1 votes)

40

58

Gregor Mendel

Religious Figure

33.33% (1 of 3 votes)

91

59

Max Planck

Scientist

0% (0 of 0 votes)

85

60

Joseph Lister

Doctor

0% (0 of 0 votes)

53

61

Nicolaus August Otto

Inventor

0% (0 of 1 votes)

4

62

Francisco Pizarro

Military Personnel

100% (4 of 4 votes)

5

63

Hernando Cortes

Military Personnel

100% (1 of 1 votes)

29

64

Thomas Jefferson

U.S. President

51.93% (121 of 233 votes)

65

65

Queen Isabella (Spain)

Monarch

0% (0 of 1 votes)

13

66

Josef Stalin

World Leader

56.00% (98 of 175 votes)

33

67

Julius Caesar

Military Personnel

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

62

68

King William I the Conqueror

Monarch

0% (0 of 1 votes)

14

69

Sigmund Freud

Doctor

55.56% (55 of 99 votes)

20

70

Edward Jenner

Doctor

54.40% (68 of 125 votes)

84

71

Wilhelm Roentgen

Scientist

0% (0 of 2 votes)

95

72

Johann Sebastian Bach (Composer)

Composer

0% (0 of 2 votes)

34

73

Lao Tzu

Philosopher

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

75

74

Voltaire

Philosopher

0% (0 of 2 votes)

72

75

Johannes Kepler

Scientist

0% (0 of 1 votes)

98

76

Enrico Fermi

Scientist

0% (0 of 2 votes)

54

77

Leonhard Euler

Mathematician

0% (0 of 1 votes)

73

78

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Philosopher

0% (0 of 4 votes)

51

79

Niccolo Machiavelli

Philosopher

5.26% (1 of 19 votes)

86

80

Thomas Malthus

Philosopher

0% (0 of 0 votes)

24

81

John Fitzgerald Kennedy

U.S. President

53.66% (66 of 123 votes)

6

82

Gregory Pincus

Inventor

100% (1 of 1 votes)

56

83

Mani

Religious Figure

0% (0 of 0 votes)

16

84

Vladimir Illyich Lenin

World Leader

55.42% (133 of 240 votes)

52

85

Emperor Wen of Sui

Monarch

0% (0 of 0 votes)

9

86

Vasco Da Gama

Explorer

66.67% (2 of 3 votes)

57

87

Cyrus the Great

Monarch

0% (0 of 1 votes)

19

88

Tzar Peter I

Monarch

54.47% (67 of 123 votes)

18

89

Mao ZeDong

World Leader

54.55% (6 of 11 votes)

110

90

Francis Bacon (Philosopher)

Philosopher

0% (0 of 4 votes)

89

91

Henry Ford

Automaker

0% (0 of 2 votes)

58

92

Mencius

Philosopher

0% (0 of 1 votes)

92

93

Zoroaster

Religious Figure

0% (0 of 1 votes)

43

94

Queen Elizabeth I Tudor

Monarch

25.00% (1 of 4 votes)

15

95

Mikhail Gorbachev

World Leader

55.46% (66 of 119 votes)

83

96

Menes

Monarch

0% (0 of 1 votes)

66

97

Charlemagne

Monarch

0% (0 of 1 votes)

104

98

Homer

Poet

0% (0 of 2 votes)

82

99

Justinian I

Monarch

0% (0 of 0 votes)

2

100

Mahavira

Royalty

100% (2 of 2 votes)

22

101

Madame Marie Curie

Scientist

53.95% (82 of 152 votes)

25

101

Mahatma Gandhi

Diplomat

53.10% (77 of 145 votes)

27

101

Leonardo Da Vinci

Artist

52.59% (61 of 116 votes)

28

101

Abraham Lincoln

U.S. President

52.41% (196 of 374 votes)

30

101

Benjamin Franklin

Patriot

51.85% (70 of 135 votes)

36

101

Khufu

Monarch

50.0% (1 of 2 votes)

47

101

St. Thomas Aquinas

Philosopher

14.29% (1 of 7 votes)

77

101

Charles Babbage

Mathematician

0% (0 of 0 votes)

102

101

Ferdinand Magellan

Explorer

0% (0 of 1 votes)

107

101

Archimedes

Scientist

0% (0 of 2 votes)